Adequate yearly progress (AYP) was, in previous federal law, a measure of how well each public school
and school district in the country was progressing toward the goal of all students achieving academic
proficiency in reading/language arts and math based on state standardized tests.
Under No Child Left Behind (NCLB)
The AYP measure was established in the federal No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act,
was the goal of 100 percent proficiency by 2014, and failure to meet AYP for two
or more consecutive years triggered federally-prescribed interventions to improve
school or district operations.
To comply with AYP, schools and districts had to achieve all their annual measurable
objectives (AMOs) – their yearly targets for the percentage of students expected:
- to score at or above the proficient level on state math and reading tests, and
- to meet at least one other indicator (for high schools the indicator had to include
graduation rates; for other schools a common indicator was attendance rates).
Schools and districts had to achieve AMOs not only for all students in the aggregate, but also for various
student subgroups, such as students with disabilities, students with limited English proficiency, students
who are economically disadvantaged, and students who are from specified racial or ethnic groups.
Under NCLB waivers
Since 2011, the U.S. Department of Education has offered states waivers of certain NCLB requirements
in return for states pursuing certain education reforms, and, as of 2015, the majority of states, including
Tennessee, were operating under waivers. States with waivers had to set and measure progress on AMOs
for the student subgroups required by NCLB, but no longer had to comply with AYP or face the same prescribed
interventions. States could use other accountability measures and set alternative goals to NCLB’s goal
of 100 percent proficiency for all students.
The passage of the federal Every Student Succeeds Act in December 2015, which replaces the NCLB Act
as well as states’ related waivers, may prompt revisions to Tennessee’s accountability system.
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- economically disadvantaged students
- English Learner students
- Every Student Succeeds Act of 2015 (ESSA)
- high school graduation rates
- No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB)
- No Child Left Behind (NCLB) waiver
- special education